Artichokes - globe

There are two well-known varieties of artichokes - globe and Jerusalem artichokes.

However, they are quite different vegetables in terms of appearance, texture and preparation. There are subtle taste similarities, hence the similar name.

Globe artichokes have always been considered a delicacy. They have been grown in Southern Europe for many centuries. The immature flower bud before the flower appears, when it consists of overlapping green/purple scales, is the part eaten. In New Zealand they may be marketed as green globe artichokes. Baby artichokes, sized between golf balls and eggs, are sometimes available.

Artichokes contain an unusual organic acid called cynarin which affects taste. This may be the reason why water appears to taste sweet when drunk after eating artichokes. The flavour of wine is similarly altered and many wine experts believe that wine shouldn’t accompany artichokes.

What to look for

Globe artichokes should have a fresh bright colour, tightly closed leaves, and feel solid.

Availability

October, November, December, Janurary

Store

Store in the refrigerator or in the crisper in a vented plastic bag. Artichokes damage easily so handle with care. Best eaten within 2-3 days of purchase.

How to prepare

Remove the toughest leaves from close to the base of each artichoke and trim the stem to about 3 cm long. Trim the pointed ends of the leaves if desired. On large artichokes, remove the stem completely so the artichoke will sit flat on its base. The choke may be removed before or after cooking, depending on how the artichoke is being used. The choke is the furry flower part sitting on top of the heart. The heart is the firm base plate and is the best eating.

Ways to eat

Add lemon juice to the cooking water to prevent browning when steaming, boiling or microwaving. Test if cooked by pulling one of the outer leaves; if this comes away easily the artichoke is cooked. Alternatively, cook until the stem end is tender when pierced with a skewer. Steaming and boiling will take about 20 minutes. Microwaving will take about 7-8 minutes per artichoke. Serve cooked artichokes with melted butter, hollandaise or a vinaigrette. They can also be stuffed, fried, baked, used in salads and eaten hot or cold. Remove the choke when cooked with a spoon.

Cooking Methods

Bake, boil, grill, microwave, roast, steam, stuff.

Nutrition

ARTICHOKES - Globe
Boiled, drained
Nutrition Information
Serving size: 1 artichoke - 120g
  Average
Quantity
per serving 
% Daily
intake per
serve 
Average
Quantity
per 100g 
 
Energy (kJ/Cal) 155/37 2% 129/31  
Protein (g) 4.2 8% 3.5  
Fat, total (g) < 1g< />d> 0.2% < 1g< />d>  
 - saturated (g) < 1g< />pan> 0% < 1g< />pan>  
Carbohydrate (g) 1.4 0.5% 1.2  
 - sugars (g) 1.4 2% 1.2  
Dietary fibre (g) 5.5 18% 4.6 A good source of dietary fibre 
Sodium (mg) 18 0.8% 15  
Folate (µg) 107 53% RDI* 89 A good source of folate
Vitamin C (mg) 9.6 24% RDI* 8.0 A source of vitamin C
Niacin (mg) 1.2 12% RDI* 1.0 A source of niacin
Potassium (mg) 396   330 Contains potassium
Iron (mg) 0.6 5% RDI* 0.5  
Thiamin (mg) Trace 0% RDI* Trace  

Percentage Daily Intakes are based on an average adult diet of 8700 kJ
Your daily Intakes may be higher or lower depending on your energy needs.
*Recommended Dietary Intake (Average Adult)

Source: The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 10th Edition, Plant & Food Research - 2014

Globe artichokes are a good source of dietary fibre and folate; a source of vitamin C and niacin and contain a dietary significant amount of potassium.  The main phytonutrients in artichokes are the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, which are being investigated for their benefits for eye health.

Retailing

Display on refrigerated shelving if possible. Trim stems to make product more attractive, although excessive trimming may result in dehydration. Customers may not know how to use globe artichokes so use the QR code on labels. Provide ideas and recipes.

Store at 0ºC and 90-100% relative humidity. Globe artichokes are ethylene sensitive so store separately from ethylene producing products.

Purchase artichokes with the New Zealand GAP logo.

Recipes

Mediterranean flavours with avocados
Mediterranean flavours with avocados

Delicious as a lunch or an entrée. View Recipe

Cooking globe artichokes
Cooking globe artichokes

Globe artichokes are easy to cook and delicious. Pull the petals off the cooked artichokes and dip the flesh end in vinaigrette and enjoy! View Recipe

View more Recipes

Images

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