Artichokes - Jerusalem

There are two well-known varieties of artichokes - Jerusalem and globe artichokes.

However, they are quite different vegetables in terms of appearance, texture and preparation.  There are subtle taste similarities, hence the similar name.

Jerusalem artichokes are tubers which look a little like knobbly potatoes. They are also called earth apple, and are a species of sunflower native to eastern North America. They were first cultivated by the native Americans. Plants were taken to France in 1605 and by the mid-1600s, the Jerusalem artichoke had become a very common vegetable for human consumption in Europe.

What to look for

Firm, even coloured tubers with no blemishes.

Availability

April, May, June, July, August

Store

Refrigerate in plastic bags for no more than 2-3 weeks.

How to prepare

Scrub to remove soil and remove any blemishes. Peeling is optional. Jerusalem artichokes discolour quickly, so after cutting to size, immerse in a bowl of water with a squeeze of lemon juice or a splash of white wine vinegar added.

Ways to eat

Mash cooked Jerusalem artichokes and make into a cream soup. Finely chopped artichoke can be added to soups or stir fries, or mashed with potatoes, carrots or turnips.

Cooking Methods

Bake, boil, microwave, roast, steam.

Nutrition

ARTICHOKE - JERUSALEM
Flesh, boiled, drained
Nutrition Information
Serving size: 150g
  Average
Quantity
per serving 
% Daily
intake per
serve 
Average
Quantity
per 100g 
 
Energy (kJ/Cal) 122/30 1% 81/20   
Protein (g) 2.34 5%  1.56  
Fat, total (g) 0.15 0.20% 0.1   
 - saturated (g) 0.04 0.02% 0.027  
Carbohydrate (g) 2.25 0.70% 1.5   
 - sugars (g) 2.25 5% 1.5  
Dietary fibre (g) 4.79 16% 3.19 A good source of dietary fibre
Sodium (mg) 4.5 0.02% 3  
Folate (µg) 113.5 67% 89 A good source of folate
Niacin (mg) 2.0 19.5% RDI* 1.3 A source of niacin 
Thiamin (mg) 0.15 13.6% RDI* 0.1 A source of thiamin 
Potassium (mg) 630   420 Contains potassium 
Vitamin C (mg) 3 7.5% RDI* 2  
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.11 6.5% RDI* 0.07  
Calcium (mg) 45 6% RDI* 30   
Riboflavin (mg) 0.11 6% RDI* 0.07  
Iron (mg) 0.6 5% RDI* 0.4  
VItamin E (mg) 0.3 3% RDI* 0.2  
Zinc (mg) 0.15 1% RDI* 0.1  
Vitamin A Equiv. (µg) 5.01 0.7% RDI* 3.34  
Selnium (µg) 0 0 RDI 0  

Percentage Daily Intakes are based on an average adult diet of 8700 kJ
Your daily Intakes may be higher or lower depending on your energy needs.
*Recommended Dietary Intake (Average Adult)

Jerusalem artichokes are a good source of dietary fibre and folate and are one of the higher potassium containing vegetables. They are also a source of the B-group vitamins niacin and thiamin.

Retailing

Customers may not know how to use Jerusalem artichokes, so use the QR code on labels.

Store at 0-2ºC and 90-100% relative humidity.

Purchase Jerusalem artichokes with the New Zealand GAP logo.

Recipes

Crunchy combo chicken salad
Crunchy combo chicken salad

To give a different look to this salad use a cheese slicer or vegetable peeler to slice the carrot. Use a bought dressing for convenience. View Recipe

Jerusalem artichokes in maple syrup
Jerusalem artichokes in maple syrup

Serve with fresh vegetables or as tapas. This recipe was inspired by an entry into the Vegetarian Dish Challenge, 2012. View Recipe

View more Recipes

Images

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