Artichokes - Jerusalem

There are two well-known varieties of artichokes - Jerusalem and globe artichokes.

However, they are quite different vegetables in terms of appearance, texture and preparation.  There are subtle taste similarities, hence the similar name.

Jerusalem artichokes are tubers which look a little like knobbly potatoes. They are also called earth apple, and are a species of sunflower native to eastern North America. They were first cultivated by the native Americans. Plants were taken to France in 1605 and by the mid-1600s, the Jerusalem artichoke had become a very common vegetable for human consumption in Europe.

What to look for

Firm, even coloured tubers with no blemishes.

Availability

April, May, June, July, August

Store

Refrigerate in plastic bags for no more than 2-3 weeks.

How to prepare

Scrub to remove soil and remove any blemishes. Peeling is optional. Jerusalem artichokes discolour quickly, so after cutting to size, immerse in a bowl of water with a squeeze of lemon juice or a splash of white wine vinegar added.

Ways to eat

Mash cooked Jerusalem artichokes and make into a cream soup. Finely chopped artichoke can be added to soups or stir fries, or mashed with potatoes, carrots or turnips.

Cooking Methods

Bake, boil, microwave, roast, steam.

Nutrition

ARTICHOKE, JERUSALEM Boiled, drained      
Nutrition Information        
Serving size: 150 g  
  Average Quantity
per serving
% Daily Intake per serve Average Quantity
per 100g
 
Energy (kJ/Cal) 122/30 1% 81/20  
Protein (g) 2.3 5% 1.6  
Fat, total (g) 0.2 0% 0.1  
 - saturated (g) 0.04 0% 0.03  
Available carbohydrate (g) 2.3 1% 1.5  
 - sugars (g) 2.3 5% 1.5  
Dietary Fibre (g) 4.8 16% 3.2 A good source of Dietary Fibre
Sodium (mg) 5 0% 3  
Folate (µg) 134 67% 89 A good source of Folate
Niacin (mg) 2.0 19% RDI* 1.3 A source of Niacin
Thiamin (mg) 0.15 13% RDI* 0.10 A source of Thiamin
Potassium (mg) 630   420 Contains Potassium
Riboflavin (mg) 0.11 6% RDI* 0.07  
Vitamin A Equiv. (µg) 5 1% RDI* 3  
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.11 7% RDI* 0.07  
Vitamin C (mg) 3 8% RDI* 2  
Vitamin E (mg) 0.3 3% RDI* 0.2  
Calcium (mg) 45 6% RDI* 30  
Iron (mg) 0.6 5% RDI* 0.4  
Selenium (µg) 0.0 0% RDI* 0.0  
Zinc (mg) 0.15 1% RDI* 0.1  
Percentage Daily Intakes are based on an average adult diet of 8700 kJ   
Your daily Intakes may be higher or lower depending on your energy needs.   
 *Recommended Dietary Intake (Average Adult)  
         
Source: FOODfiles 2016        

Retailing

Customers may not know how to use Jerusalem artichokes, so use the QR code on labels.

Store at 0-2ºC and 90-100% relative humidity.

Purchase Jerusalem artichokes with the New Zealand GAP logo.

Recipes

Roast radishes, carrots and Jerusalem artichokes
Roast radishes, carrots and Jerusalem artichokes

Try this tasty medley – it may be unusual, however, it is delicious. View Recipe

Cooking Jerusalem artichokes
Cooking Jerusalem artichokes

Try these tasty and different vegetables. View Recipe

View more Recipes

Images

For these images and many more please visit our image library.