There are two well-known varieties of artichokes - Jerusalem and globe artichokes.
However, they are quite different vegetables in terms of appearance, texture and preparation. There are subtle taste similarities, hence the similar name.
Jerusalem artichokes are tubers which look a little like knobbly potatoes. They are also called earth apples, and are a species of sunflower native to eastern North America. They were first cultivated by the native Americans. Plants were taken to France in 1605 and by the mid-1600s, the Jerusalem artichoke had become a very common vegetable for human consumption in Europe.
What to look for
Firm, even coloured tubers with no blemishes.
April, May, June, July, August
Refrigerate in plastic bags for no more than 2-3 weeks.
How to prepare
Scrub to remove soil and remove any blemishes. Peeling is optional. Jerusalem artichokes discolour quickly, so after cutting to size, immerse in a bowl of water with a squeeze of lemon juice or a splash of white wine vinegar added.
Ways to eat
Mash cooked Jerusalem artichokes and make into a cream soup. Finely chopped artichokes can be added to soups or stir fries, or mashed with potatoes, carrots or turnips.
Bake, boil, microwave, roast, steam.
Jerusalem artichokes are a good source of dietary fibre and folate, a source of thiamine and niacin and contain a dietary significant amount of potassium.
|ARTICHOKE, JERUSALEM||Boiled, drained|
|Serving size: 150g|
|% Daily Intake per serve||Average Quantity
|Fat, total (g)||0.2||0%||0.1|
|- saturated (g)||0.04||0%||0.03|
|Available carbohydrate (g)||2.3||1%||1.5|
|- sugars (g)||2.3||5%||1.5|
|Dietary Fibre (g)||4.8||16%||3.2||A good source of dietary fibre|
|Folate (µg)||134||67%||89||A good source of folate|
|Niacin (mg)||2.0||19% RDI*||1.3||A source of niacin|
|Thiamin (mg)||0.15||13% RDI*||0.10||A source of thiamin|
|Potassium (mg)||630||420||Contains potassium|
|Riboflavin (mg)||0.11||6% RDI*||0.07|
|Vitamin A Equiv. (µg)||5||1% RDI*||3|
|Vitamin B6 (mg)||0.11||7% RDI*||0.07|
|Vitamin C (mg)||3||8% RDI*||2|
|Vitamin E (mg)||0.3||3% RDI*||0.2|
|Calcium (mg)||45||6% RDI*||30|
|Iron (mg)||0.6||5% RDI*||0.4|
|Selenium (µg)||0.0||0% RDI*||0.0|
|Zinc (mg)||0.15||1% RDI*||0.1|
|Percentage Daily Intakes are based on an average adult diet of 8700 kJ|
|Your daily Intakes may be higher or lower depending on your energy needs.|
|*Recommended Dietary Intake (Average Adult)|
|Source: FOODfiles 2016|
Customers may not know how to use Jerusalem artichokes, so use the QR code on labels.
Store at 0-2ºC and 90-100% relative humidity.
Purchase Jerusalem artichokes with the New Zealand GAP logo.
For these images and many more please visit our image library.