Witloof

Witloof is also known as chicory, endive or Belgium endive.

Witloof is a Dutch name that translates as white leaf. The name of this vegetable can be confusing. In New Zealand it is called either witloof or chicory. However, the British call it chicory and the French call it endive or Belgium endive. There is also a type of lettuce that the French call chicory and is known as endive in Britain and New Zealand. Witloof has a slightly bitter and nutty flavour. The roots in some strains can be used as a coffee substitute.

Radicchio is a red-leafed variety of witloof. It adds an interesting colour and taste to winter salads.

What to look for

Look for crisp, firm, compact heads that are creamy white with pale yellow tips.

Availability

May, June, July, August, September, October.

Store

Refrigerate in plastic bags. Use as soon as possible.

How to prepare

Remove loose, damaged or discoloured leaves, trim the stalk before using and cut out the bitter core from the root end.

Ways to eat

Eat raw as a salad vegetable, on its own or mixed with other salad greens. Cheese goes well with witloof. Braise whole or sliced, and serve with a sauce. Stuff and bake, add sliced to stir fries, add to flans, curries or pies.

Cooking Methods

Bake, braise, microwave, steam, stir fry.

Nutrition

WITLOOF
Raw
Nutrition Information
Serving size: 1 head - 53g
  Average
Quantity
per serving 
% Daily
intake per
serve 
Average
Quantity
per 100g 
 
Energy (kJ/Cal) 37/9 0.4% 71/17  
Protein (g) 0.5 1% 0.9  
Fat, total (g) 0.05 0.1% 0.1  
 - saturated (g) 0.01 0% 0.02  
Carbohydrate (g) 2.1 0.7% 4.0  
Dietary fibre (g) 1.6 5% 3.1  
Sodium (mg) 1 0% 2  
Folate (µg) 20 10% RDI* 37 A source of folate
Thiamin (mg) 0.03 3% RDI* 0.06  
Vitamin C (mg) 1.5 4% RDI* 2.8  
Calcium (mg) 10.1 1% RDI* 19  
Iron (mg) 0.13 1% RDI* 0.24  
Magnesium (mg) 5 1% RDI* 10  
Niacin (mg) 0.09 1% RDI* 0.16  
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.02 1% RDI* 0.04  
Zinc (mg) 0.08 0.8% RDI* 0.16  
Potassium (mg) 112   211  
Riboflavin (mg) 0.016 0.9% RDI* 0.03  

Percentage Daily Intakes are based on an average adult diet of 8700 kJ
Your daily Intakes may be higher or lower depending on your energy needs.
*Recommended Dietary Intake (Average Adult)

Source: USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference
Data not available for witloof in New Zealand Food Compositon Tables

Witloof is a source of folate.

Retailing

Keep displays small and maintain perfect storage conditions. Buy in small quantities and ensure stock is moved fast. Avoid exposure to bright light as when exposed to light, the flavour changes to an unacceptable level of bitterness. Customers may not know how to use witloof, so use the QR code on labels.

Store at 0°C with a relative humidity of 90-100%. Keep covered away from cooling fans and ethylene producing products.

Purchase witloof with the New Zealand GAP logo.

Recipes

Witloof, orange and sunflower salad
Witloof, orange and sunflower salad

If time allows, mix the witloof and orange together and chill before serving. View Recipe

Witloof gratin
Witloof gratin

Witloof is also called endive or chicory. This dish can be served in individual dishes for a special lunch. View Recipe

View more Recipes

Images

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