Onions - Riki/Aniana

Onions are the most used flavouring vegetable in the world.

Most savoury dishes include one of the onion family - brown, white and red onions, garlic, chives, shallots, spring onions and leeks. All of these vary enormously in shape, size, colour, texture and intensity of flavour. New Zealand's top onion growing area is Pukekohe, south of Auckland.


Main crop onions

These are the most common onions and are available all year round. They are strongly flavoured, firm onions with layers of golden brown paper skins and white flesh. They are generally used for cooking rather than eaten raw. The most common varieties are Pukekohe Long Keeper and Pukekohe Early Long Keeper.

Available all year.

Red onions

Red onions have burgundy red skins and red tinged flesh. Spanish type red onions are large and round, while Californian red onions tend to be flatter and milder. They are mild, sweet and juicy and are delicious eaten raw in salads, used as a garnish or added to sandwiches. Globe shaped red onions are becoming available; they are more pungent and taste more like a main crop onion.

Available January to August.

White onions

White onions tend to be more pungent than brown onions and have white papery skin. They can be used in place of other onions in savoury dishes or finely chopped and served raw in salads and salsas.

Pickling onions

Small, main crop onions with a strong pungent flavour. They are available all year round, but are at their best for pickling about March.

Available all year.


Roughly the same size or slightly larger than pickling onions, their skin colour ranges from coppery yellow to reddish brown. The bulbs are elongated or oval and are formed in several clusters or bulblets. The two most commonly grown varieties are Ambition, a globe shaped bulb, and Picador, an oval shaped bulb. There is no noticeable difference in flavour. Shallots have a more delicate, sweeter taste and finer texture than onions.

They are considered the gourmet onion and are preferred in French and Asian cooking. Delicious raw or cooked, shallots have a wide range of end uses. They keep well in a cool dry place. In Australia, Japanese bunching onions and spring onions are often referred to as shallots.

Available February to July with the most plentiful supply available over the late summer months.

What to look for

Choose onions with firm flesh and dry papery outer skin. Avoid those with green shoots or soft spots.


Available: all year


Store in a cool, dark, well ventilated place. Do not put them in plastic bags; if purchased in plastic, remove as soon as possible. Avoid refrigerating or storing with any food that may absorb their flavour.

How to prepare

Remove skin and root, cut as required; slice, dice, wedge or leave whole. Braising; blanch first. Roasting; skin can be left on when roasted whole. Stuffing; peel, cut off top, scoop out centre to leave 1 cm shell. The release of oil during peeling brings tears to the eyes – there is no guaranteed way of avoiding this. The best advice is to peel and slice quickly. To peel large quantities of pickling onions, top and tail, then cover with boiling water for 5 minutes, drain and remove the skins which will slip off easily.

Ways to eat

Onions can be eaten raw, cooked or pickled. In many recipes, onions add flavour and texture. They can be used in soups, braises, stews, pizzas, pies, pasta dishes, salads, sandwiches, sauces, chutneys and stir fries.

Cooking methods

Boil, microwave, roast, steam, stir fry, braise, stew.


New Zealanders are frequent consumers of onions. Onions are not rich in the common nutrients but are low in energy. However, onions are rich in phytonutrients – flavonoids, fructans, saponins and sulphur containing compounds. The red varieties are a source of the flavonoids, anthocyanins.

Nutrition table

Nutrition Information        
Serving size: 1/4 onion = 45g       
  Average Quantity % Daily Intake per serve Average Quantity  
per serving per 100g  
Energy (kJ/Cal) 58/14 1% 130/31  
Protein (g) 0.6 1% 1.4  
Fat, total (g) 0 0% 0.1  
 - saturated (g) 0.01 0% 0.01  
Available carbohydrate (g) 2.3 1% 5.1  
 - sugars (g) 2.3 3% 5.1  
Dietary Fibre (g) 0.8   1.8  
Sodium (mg) 1 0% 2  
Folate (µg) 0 0% RDI* 0  
Niacin (mg) 0.1 1% RDI* 0.3  
Vitamin C (mg) 2 5% RDI* 5.0  
Potassium (mg) 82   182  
Percentage Daily Intakes are based on an average adult diet of 8700 kJ 
Your daily Intakes may be higher or lower depending on your energy needs 
 *Recommended Dietary Intake (Average Adult)  
Source: FOODfiles 2018        



Remove all loose husks. Only stock graded quality product. Try and offer a choice of large and small, red and white. Plastic causes condensation and encourages rapid deterioration, therefore netting bags are preferable for merchandising. Do not place near items that might absorb flavours. Keep well ventilated. Use the QR code on labels.

In proper storage conditions good quality main crop onions can be kept for 6-8 months. Store in cool, dry, well ventilated areas in an open weave bag or open trays. 

Store other onions at 0°C and 65% humidity to prevent sprouting.

Purchase onions with the New Zealand GAP logo.